As part of the week 11 learning path we were asked to revise our understandings of several of the models and frameworks that we had come across as part of this course. Here is mine:



Application to Assignment 3/Professional Experience

CLEM Model

Help understand how to
learn about a new ICT and how to use it to enhance student learning.

If there are any new ICTs you need
to use it might help your explorations.

Hence might be useful as a part of
the planning process for Part B.

TPACK framework

Is the bringing
together of the knowledge of subject matter, what is good for learning and
technology to enhance this.

In order to use ICT
effectively and efficiently the TPACK framework will need to be used. Subject
matter of the subject being taught will need to be acquired, research into
how this seems to be taught more efficiently will need to be conducted and
research into the ICTs that are used to support this will need to be conducted
to ensure the most enhanced student learning.

Backwards design

Is a 3 step planning
model that focuses on the goals that need to be achieved before working on
instructional methods and assessment. The three steps are identifying desired
results, determining acceptable evidence and planning learning experiences
that will result in reaching these goals.

The goals and
assessment will most likely already be set for the duration of my placement
by the classroom teacher but I will use these are the foundations for
creating my learning experiences. Students will also have individual goals
from their ILPs that they will be working towards.

SAMR Model

The Substitution Augmentation Modification Redefinition
Model offers a method of seeing how computer technology might impact teaching
and learning


We want to ensure that
ICT is being used as not only a substitute method with no functional change
but as a redefinition method with high functional change leading to student
centered learning. This model allows you to see the actual effects of your
ICT use is having on student learning.

TIP Model

TIP model is another
planning model that focuses specifically on the integration of ICT into

The TIP model will
ensure that I am planning effective and efficient lessons with the use of

The 5Es

Is an instructional
method that ensures units progress through 5 phases of learning. The unit
will begin with engaging students and allowing them to explore new concepts.
Students will then explain and elaborate on these concepts, At the end
students will evaluate what they have learnt

This is a young
framework so it will be quite appropriate for my Prep students. This will be
used to shape my lessons with one phase being selected per lesson and with
continuous lessons there will be a progression through the phases.


stand for “We are learning to…” and “What I am looking for…” These two
characters are child friendly ways to share the less easily understood,
learning objectives (LO) and success criteria (SC)

Students need to know
what they are learning to do and what the teacher is looking for, for each
lesson that they are participating in otherwise there is no purpose of the
lesson. I will also need to consider these two points within planning.


relationship between work experience, learning, and knowledge, as expressed
in the concept of ‘connectivity, is central to connectivism.

To encourage learning
through providing opportunities to practice doing and reflecting on what they
have discovered.

Bloom’s taxonomy

Blooms 6 thinking
stages allows teachers to organize learning objectives beginning with lower
order thinking and advancing to higher order thinking as students progress
through the thinking stages.

Will be used throughout
planning to ensure students are completing appropriate learning activities
for the correct thinking stage as well as progressing through the thinking
stages. Blooms digital taxonomy will also be used to ensure correct ICT use
with each thinking stage.

Postman’s 5 things

Provides a useful way of thinking
about technological

Change and being able to identify

Will help me identify
the changes in the classroom that technology brings

Toolbelt theory/TEST

The TEST framework
scaffolds the individual in thinking about which tool will help them achieve
the specific Task they have to achieve, within the Environment they are
operating in and with the Skills they bring to the task.

Helps you think about
and decide what tools that you are equipped with to help your students learn.
You must consider the environment and the students skills before the task is
set. Once the task is set you must then consider what tools you can use (ICT)
to help enhance student learning.


Personal knowledge management gives
you a

Framework to develop a network of
people and sources

That you can draw upon for
information and help. 

It is there so that we
have been able to form networks that we can use to provide us with helpful
suggestions and information in all areas eg. ICT use, lesson ideas etc.

Through this revision I have been able to really think about the models and frameworks that I will be using whilst I am on professional experience. Here is what I have considered:

Planning – Backwards design

Designing learning experiences – 5es, TEST

Incorporating ICT into learning experiences –  TPACK, SAMR model, Bloom’s digital taxonomy

When I find myself with any uncertanties or difficulties – PKM, CLEM

Explaining lesson objectives to students – WALT & WILF